Here is a spectacular and informative guide to the amazing world beneath our feet. Stunning color photographs of rocks, fossils, minerals, precious metals, crystals, jewels and gemstones give the reader a unique eyewitness insight into the evolution and composition of the Earth. See rocks that have come from outer space, stalactites as old as dinosaurs, the strange and beautiful shapes of natural crystals and priceless nuggets of gold, silver and platinum. Learn what the Earth is made of - and how its rocks were formed, how early humans made the first flint tools and how diamonds and precious stones are cut, polished, and made into jewelry. Discover how prehistoric animals are preserved today as fossils, how volcanoes work, how rocks are formed from molten lava, how minerals and metals are mined and how pebbles on the seashore are worn down into sand, and much, much more!
The Mineral Hardness Ruler is a stimulating visual aid, educates in one phase of mineralogy, and provides the standard ruler measurement scales needed in classes.
Rockhounds, mineral enthusiasts, students, teachers, geologists, and any one interested in rocks and minerals will find the Mineral Hardness Ruler a handy visual aid for quick information on mineral hardness.
The two-sided, flexible, glossy, vinyl ruler consists of five scales: three measurement scales and two mineral hardness scales. The measurement scales are in standard ruler measurements of tenths of inches, sixteenths of inches, and millimeters. Mohs' relative hardness numbers are integrated into the inch scales, while a separate scale exists for an absolute mineral hardness scale by Rosiwal.
On one side of the ruler are pictures of the ten common minerals, in full color, selected by Mohs for his relative hardness scale. On the reverse side of the ruler are six common items with their relative hardnesses. These items, along with known minerals, can be used as a handy field kit to test the relative hardness of an unknown mineral.
Hardness is one property of a mineral that can be used to distinguish among similar minerals. A given mineral can scratch any other mineral of the same or softer hardness. Over a hundred years ago, the German mineralogist Frederick Mohs devised the relative hardness scale that has found favor with mineralogists for over a century. Others, such as Rosiwal, formed absolute hardness scales using the same minerals as Mohs. For example, diamond, the hardest substance in Nature is not twice as hard as apatite, 10 versus 5, but over twenty thousand times as hard, 140,000 versus 6.5.
The Raytech Tumble-Vibe 5 Vibratory Tumbler (Model TV-5) is economical and versatile.
Thousands of satisfied customers testify to the durability and simplicity of the Tumble-Vibe 5. Mated with a spare bowl, and a GSH-2 Stone finish Kit, the new TV-5 Starter Kit is a must for any beginner.
This new kit comes complete and ready to operate with a motorized base, two bowls, clear lid, 2 rubber nuts and all the grits necessary for accomplishing the grinding step through the final polish step of most gemstones. The (4) steps that are included are Silicone Carbide (100/1200) Silicon Carbide (700F), Iolox 50, Raybrite TL (GS-H2 Stone Finish Kit for hard rocks and minerals). There's enough grit for 8-15 pounds of stones. This new compact system will handle a myriad of applications. (Polished stones for illustration only. They are not included with this tumbler.)
Check out this article on Vibratory Tumblers
This popular low-cost unit is a favorite of the hobbyist and is used commercially as well. Vibrating rock tumblers process rocks 5 times faster than rotary rock tumblers. See results in days rather than weeks! This vibrating rock tumbler will process about four pounds of rock in it's .05 cu ft (3 pint) bowl. Bowl diameter is 8" and has a new convenient solid lid system. Shipping weight is 12 lbs., 1.05 cu. ft.
|Always wear safety goggles!|
The Valley Rock 20 oz Pointed Tip Hammer is similar in weight, and quality, to the Estwing 22oz Pointed Tip Rock Hammer. It is a smaller rock hammer than all the Estwing Rock Hammers except the Estwing 14 oz Pointed Tip Rock Hammer.. One piece drop forged design creates a virtually unbreakable heavy duty hammer - drop forged, heat treated, fully polished. The two-tone Soft-Touch Rubber cushioned grip is form fitting, shock absorbent and non-slip.rubber grip is finger fitted, shock absorbent and non-slip.
The Valley 20 oz Pointed Tip Rock Hammer is similar in weight, and quality, to the Estwing 22oz Pointed Tip Rock Hammer. It is a smaller rock pick than all the Estwing rock picks except the Estwing 14 oz Pointed Tip Rock Hammer. It has a square faced striking surface, larger than the Estwing rock picks, on one end and a pointed pick tip on the other. Made in China but it's high quality. We've sold over 2100 and have only had one returned for a broken tip. (The hammer had what looked like vice marks on it so I suspect the damage was artificially introduced.). This Valley 20 oz Pointed Tip Rock Hammer is a great tool for the professional, student, or recreational geologist and a great rock hammer for rockhounds. It will last you a life time.
|Head Width||Overall Length||Head Weight||Total Weight|
|7 inches||11 inches||20 ounces||1 pound 14.5 ounces|
The Estwing Supreme 13 oz Light Weight Rock Hammer is best described as an Estwing Supreme 22oz Rock Hammer that has been slimmed down to reduce weight. The rock pick is similar is overall size to the Estwing Supreme 22 oz Rock Hammer. The handle is narrower but the length is almost the same as is the length of the head. It differs in that the hammer head (square) striking end is a slightly smaller size and length. The pick end is the same length but tapered to a sharper point.Great hammer for digging fossils from sandstone. Note that the 13 oz specifies the head weight not the total hammer weight. The 14 oz is actually the lightest pointed tip rock pick that we carry.
|Head Width||6 1/4 inches|
|Overall Length||12 1/2 inches|
|Head Weight||13 ounces|
|Total Weight||1 pound 12 ounces|
The Prospector's Rock Hammer is a very light duty rock hammer with a 22 oz. drop forged head and a tubular handle with rubber grip. The hammer head is larger than the Estwing Rock Hammers. The pointed end is not tapered to the extent of nor is it as long as the Estwing Rock Hammers. This is not a tip for digging fossils as it is not tapered enough to really penetrate into sandstone. The larger hammer face, the thin grip, and the duller pointed end make it a great starter rock hammer for children when you're not sure the young geologist is going to stay interested.
Cheap enough that you can throw one in each of your vehicles just in case you come across an interesting roadcu.., er..., outcrop.
The Prospector's Rock Hammer is for light duty or use with soft rock. The hammer head is pressed onto a tubular steel handle. Since it isn't one solid piece of drop forged steel like the Valley Rock Hammer or Estwing Rock Hammers it can't be used for prying out specimens. As with any two piece hammer, after a little use the head will become detached from the handle. Best used as a hammer for young children without the upper body strength to really swing a hammer with any force. Consider this a toy or a one time use hammer.
|Head Width||Overall Length||Head Weight||Total Weight|
|6 inches||12 3/8 inches||22 ounces||1 pound 10.5 ounces|
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