The Mineral Hardness Ruler is a stimulating visual aid, educates in one phase of mineralogy, and provides the standard ruler measurement scales needed in classes.
Rockhounds, mineral enthusiasts, students, teachers, geologists, and any one interested in rocks and minerals will find the Mineral Hardness Ruler a handy visual aid for quick information on mineral hardness.
The two-sided, flexible, glossy, vinyl ruler consists of five scales: three measurement scales and two mineral hardness scales. The measurement scales are in standard ruler measurements of tenths of inches, sixteenths of inches, and millimeters. Mohs' relative hardness numbers are integrated into the inch scales, while a separate scale exists for an absolute mineral hardness scale by Rosiwal.
On one side of the ruler are pictures of the ten common minerals, in full color, selected by Mohs for his relative hardness scale. On the reverse side of the ruler are six common items with their relative hardnesses. These items, along with known minerals, can be used as a handy field kit to test the relative hardness of an unknown mineral.
Hardness is one property of a mineral that can be used to distinguish among similar minerals. A given mineral can scratch any other mineral of the same or softer hardness. Over a hundred years ago, the German mineralogist Frederick Mohs devised the relative hardness scale that has found favor with mineralogists for over a century. Others, such as Rosiwal, formed absolute hardness scales using the same minerals as Mohs. For example, diamond, the hardest substance in Nature is not twice as hard as apatite, 10 versus 5, but over twenty thousand times as hard, 140,000 versus 6.5.
This is a great little pocket guide to rocks and minerals. It uses color drawings to illustrate the rocks and minerals which I find is far more handy that pictures of museum quality specimens. Rocks and minerals in the field often don't know what they're supposed to look like so they are more average than those museum exhibits!
Derived from the world-renowned McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and
Technical Terms, Sixth Edition, this vital reference offers a wealth
of essential information in a portable, convenient, quick-find format. Whether
you're a professional, a student, a writer, or a general reader with an interest
in science, there is no better or more authoritative way to stay up-to-speed
with the current language of geology and mineralogy or gain an understanding
of its key ideas and concepts.
Written in clear, simple language understandable to the general reader, yet
in-depth enough for scientists, educators, and advanced students, The McGraw-Hill
Dictionary of Geology & Mineralogy, Second Edition:
Illinois--a flat and boring state with nothing but cornfields and crowded expressways, right? Balderdash! Geology Underfoot in Illinois scratches the Prairie State's surface to expose geologic diversity that stretches back more than a billion years.
Copious illustrations and witty, page-turning prose guide readers on geologic walking or driving tours of thirty-seven sites in Illinois. Enjoy an unexpected exploration of Chicago's architectural geology. Embark on a fault-seeking expedition in Mark Twain's big-river country. Or try moraine-surfing on Interstates 55 and 74. With a touch of curiosity and Geology Underfoot in Illinois in hand, you will view the state with a new sense of wonder.
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